17.22 – General Provisions

17.22.010 – General provisions

  1. Number of Buildings on a Lot
    1. In residential districts, there shall be no more than one (1) principal building per lot. One (1) auxiliary dwelling unit may be permitted per lot in the RT-1, RT-2, RT-3 and RT-4 Districts in accordance with Section 17.20.020.C.
    2. In the BL, BC, BR, CBD-1, CBD-2, M-1, M-2, O-R and PL districts, more than one (1) building may be erected on a single lot, provided that all Bulk requirements hereof shall be met for each building as though each building were a principal building on an individual lot.
      (Ord. 2004-Z-12 § 2; Ord. 1988-Z-8 § 1; Ord. 1960-16 § IV (C).)
  2. Minimum Lot Area, Two Or More Uses On A Lot
    Wherever two (2) or more permitted or special uses, each requiring a minimum lot area, are located in the same building or on the same lot, the total required minimum lot area shall be the sum of the areas required for each use individually. Where one or more of the uses does not have a required minimum lot area, the total minimum lot area shall be the sum of the lot coverage of the buildings occupied by the uses for which no minimum lot area is required, and the minimum lot area(s) required for the other uses.
  3. Frontage on a Public or Private Street
    All residential lots shall have frontage on a public or private street. Access may be provided from an alley where available, but an alley shall not serve as the frontage of a lot.
  4. Reduction Below Required Minimums
    No lot shall be reduced, divided or subdivided so that a yard or setback becomes less than required by this Title. If the yard or setback is already less than required by this Title, it shall not be reduced further. The minimum yard required for a building or structure shall not be considered a yard space for any other building or structure.
  5. Control over Bulk Except as provided in Section 17.08.050 (Nonconforming lots of record) all buildings and structures erected after the effective date of this Title shall meet the requirements for the zoning district or PUD in which they are located, and existing buildings and structures shall be enlarged, altered, reconstructed or relocated only in conformance with the requirements of the zoning district or PUD in which they are located.
    Ord. 1960-16 § IV (G).)
  6. Sight Triangle
    Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Title, a Sight Triangle shall be maintained on lots at the intersection of two (2) streets, of a street and an alley, and of a street and an active railroad right-of-way in conformance with this Section. The purpose of the Sight Triangle is to avoid the obstruction of the view of motorists in relation to oncoming traffic. Two sides of the Sight Triangle shall be measured along the right of way lines abutting the lot, from their intersection to a point 20 feet distant. The third side of the triangle shall be a line connecting the ends of the first two lines. (See Figure 17.22-1)

    Within the Sight Triangle, any sign, wall, fence, landscaping, or other object exceeding thirty (30) inches in height above the adjoining street or right of way grade is prohibited, except as specifically permitted as follows:

    1. Within the CBD-1 District, a Sight Triangle is not required except where required by the Director of Public Works as provided in paragraph (5) hereof.
    2. Directional signs are permitted within the Sight Triangle.
    3. Fences with an opacity of less than fifty percent (50%) not exceeding 3 feet (36 inches) in height are permitted within the Sight Triangle.
    4. The area of the Sight Triangle may be reduced and/or the allowable height of obstructions increased by the Director of Public Works if he determines that there would not be an undue risk to public safety because of traffic control devices, street design or alignment, or the relative grade of the property and the adjoining streets, alleys, or railroad rights of way.
    5. The area of the Sight Triangle may be increased and/or the allowable height of obstructions reduced by the Director of Public Works if he determines that there would be an undue risk to public safety because of traffic control devices, street design or alignment, or the relative grade of the property and the adjoining streets, alleys, or railroad rights of way.

      Figure 17.22-1: Sight Triangle
      Figure 17.22-1

  7. Flag Lots
    1. Flag lots consist of a “buildable portion”, which is set back from the street access and located behind one (1) or more other lots, and a narrow access corridor (the “flagpole”), which extends from the buildable portion toward the street. Only the buildable portion of the lot shall be used in calculating the lot area. The buildable portion of the lot shall begin where the lot meets or exceeds the minimum lot width required in the underlying zoning district, as measured parallel to the street. See Figure 17.22-2
    2. A flag lot shall have a lot frontage of not less than fifteen (15) feet, and that part of the lot connecting its buildable portion with its lot frontage (the “flagpole”) shall be not less than fifteen (15) feet in width at any point. However, if two (2) flag lots share a common access onto a public right-of-way, the minimum lot frontage and the minimum width of the flagpole of the two (2) lots combined may be reduced to not less than eighteen (18) feet at any point.
    3. No more than two (2) flag lots may have a shared access to a public right-of-way, and no more than two (2) “flagpoles” of flag lots may abut each other. In the case of a shared access, a maintenance agreement shall be required between the parties to ensure proper maintenance of the access drive.
    4. The length of the flagpole of a flag lot, as measured from the lot frontage to the beginning of the buildable area, as defined herein, shall not exceed 200 feet.
    5. Flag lots shall comply with all regulations of Chapter 15.28 (Fire Prevention Code) regarding driveway width, hydrant locations and turnarounds.
       

Figure 17.22-2: Flag Lots
Figure 17.22-2

(1994-Z-4: § 1)

17.22.020 – Accessory buildings and structures

Accessory buildings and structures, as defined as in Chapter 17.30, Definitions, and as listed in the tables of permitted and special uses in Chapters 17.12, 17.14, and 17.16, are permitted subject to the following requirements and the location restrictions of Table 17.22-3:

A.  General Requirements

  1. All accessory buildings, structures, and uses shall be located on the same lot as the principal use, with the exception of off-street parking facilities, which may be located on another lot as provided for in Chapter 17.24, Location of Off-Street Parking.
  2. The combined lot coverage of all detached accessory buildings and structures located within a required rear yard shall not occupy more than thirty percent (30%) of the required rear yard.  For lots within an RT district, if a detached garage is provided in lieu of an attached garage, all structures in the rear yard may occupy up to 40% of the required rear yard.
  3. No accessory building shall be constructed prior to construction of the principal building to which it is accessory.
  4. No accessory building in the RE, RS, and RT districts shall exceed 20 feet in height.
  5. No accessory building shall be located in whole or in part on or over an easement for utilities, drainage, access, or related purposes.
  6. Detached accessory buildings and structures shall be located a minimum of ten (10) feet from any principal building on the lot.
  7. Accessory buildings and structures attached to the principal building shall comply with all yard and other requirements applicable to the principal building.

B.  Detached and Attached Garages Accessory to One and Two Family Dwellings

  1. Private garages for one and two family dwellings shall conform to the applicable yard and setback requirements of the District as modified by Table 17.22-3, but in no event shall a garage for a one or two family dwelling be located closer to any street right of way than 15 feet.
  2. If a one or two family dwelling lot abuts a paved public alley, any detached or attached private garage shall be constructed so that access is from the public alley.
  3. The maximum width of any garage door opening for a one or two family dwelling shall be twenty-two (22) feet.
  4. Detached private garages for one and two family dwellings shall not be set back a shorter distance to the front lot line than the principal dwelling.
  5. In the RT1, RT2, RT3, RT4, and CBD-2 Districts, when an attached garage faces a street, the width of the garage door shall not exceed fifty percent (50%) of the width of the dwelling, including the garage door, as measured along the front building line or exterior side building line that it faces. For corner lots, this restriction shall only apply along the lot line facing the primary front door entry into the building, as determined by the Building Commissioner.
  6. In the RT1, RT2, RT3, RT4, and CBD-2 Districts, attached private garages for one and two family dwellings with an overhead door facing a street. shall be set back from the front lot line or exterior side lot line that it faces at least five (5) feet more than, a) the remainder of the dwelling walls, or b) the front of an unenclosed porch that extends along at least 75% of the length of the remainder of the dwelling walls adjacent to the garage door. For corner lots, this requirement shall apply to at least one of the building lines facing the street and shall apply to the other building line only when the width of an overhead door or doors facing a street is less than sixty-six (66) percent of the width of the dwelling including the garage, as measured along the front or exterior building line that it faces.

​C. Fences and Walls

  1. Construction Requirements

a.  A fence or wall, including all posts, bases and other structural parts shall be located completely within the boundaries of the lot on which it is located. No fence shall be located closer than twelve (12) inches from a public sidewalk.

b.  All fences shall be erected so that the finished side of the fence faces outward, or away, from the lot on which the fence is erected, except that where a fence on a residential lot is within five feet of property containing a nonresidential use or that is zoned for a nonresidential use, any part of the fence that satisfies this condition may be erected so that the finished side faces inward on the residential lot. 

c.  All metal fences shall be at least nine (9) gauge wire or a minimum of .148 inch diameter wire.

d.  In residential districts, chain link and woven wire fences are prohibited in front yards and exterior side yards. If located in a rear yard in a residential district, chain link and woven wire fences are prohibited within twenty (20) feet of any right of way line.

e.  Barbed wire, razor wire and fences of similar material are permitted only in the BC, BR, M1, M2 and PL Districts.

2.  Maintenance
All fences shall be maintained in good condition at all times by the owner and/or occupant of the property. If a fence is found to be in a deteriorated condition and/or in need of repair, the Building Commissioner may order the fence to be repaired, replaced or removed depending upon the condition of the fence. Such order shall be in writing.

3.  Height Requirements
All fences shall comply with the height requirements listed in Table 17.22-1 (Maximum Allowable Fence Height), except as provided in Table 17.22-2 (Fence Height Exceptions).
 

TABLE 17.22-1
Maximum Allowable Fence Height by zoning District

Fence Location

RE, RS, RT and RM Districts

BL, BC, BR, and OR Districts

CBD-1 and CBD-2 Districts

M-1,  M-2 and PL Districts

In Required Front Yard

4 feet

6 feet,
4 inches

4 feet

4 feet

In Required
Rear Yard

6 feet, 4 inches

8 feet

6 feet, 4 inches

15 feet

In Required Exterior Side Yard and Required Rear Yard of Through Lot

If yard is adjacent to a Front Yard on an adjoining lot:  4 feet (See also Table 17.22.2 Fence Height Exceptions)

If yard is adjacent to an Exterior Side Yard, Rear Yard, or Rear Yard of Through Lot on an adjoining lot:  6 feet, 4 inches

6 feet, 4 inches

4 feet

4 feet

In Required Interior Side Yard

6 feet, 4 inches

8 feet

6 feet,
4 inches

15 feet

In Buildable Area of Lot

6 feet, 4 inches

8 feet

6 feet,
4 inches

15 feet

Sight Triangle

All Fences are subject to the sight triangle requirements of Section 17.22.010 (G).

 

TABLE 17.22-2
Fence Height Exceptions

Exception

Maximum Allowable Fence Heights

Where Exception Applies

Fences within 40 feet of the right of way of major arterials.

4 feet or less (except where the provisions of this Title are more restrictive)

Any lot abutting Main Street (Illinois Route 64), Randall Road and Kirk Road

Fences in Exterior Side Yards and in the Rear Yard of Through Lots that are adjacent to a Front Yard on an adjoining lot:  Where the fence is set back from the right of way line a minimum of 5 feet and the area between the fence and the right of way line is landscaped with at minimum one shrub for every 5 feet of fence length.  The landscaping design may be flexible in its arrangement by grouping plant materials and providing open areas around gates or other fence openings.

6 feet 4 inches

Residential Districts

Fences on lots in residential districts abutting a nonresidential use or vacant property zoned for nonresidential use

Interior side and rear yards only: (8) feet; may be higher than 8 feet where required by topographic conditions to provide screening between a 6 ft. high person standing in the first floor of the residence and a 6 ft. high person standing in the parking area of the nonresidential use, but in no case more than ten (10) feet

Residential Districts

For tennis courts: shall be erected not less than 5 feet from a lot line and the finished side of the fence shall face outward or away from the lot on which the fence is erected

12 feet in all yards; open fences only

All Districts

Swimming Pools

In accordance with St. Charles Municipal Code requirements as set forth in Title 15

All Districts

Public or private utility facility (for security or screening purposes)

15 feet in all yards

All Districts

Public or private school, public park land, other publicly owned land, or golf course/driving range

15 feet in any yard; 25 feet for backstops located on ball fields

All Districts

Landscape Buffer Yards 6 feet 4 inches M-2 District

Exhibit A - Figure 17.22-3

(Ord. 2008-Z-25 § 3.)

  1. Prohibitions and Limitations
    1. Fences in Detention/Retention Areas
      Fences shall not be installed less than ten (10) feet from any stormwater inlet or outlet opening; however, the City Engineer may require a greater distance in keeping with generally accepted engineering practice.
    2. Fences in Utility Easements
      Fences shall not be permitted in utility easements where such fence would interfere with the operations of a utility. Applications for a permit for a fence to be installed in or across a utility easement shall be subject to an affidavit and release by the property owner, in a form acceptable to the City, stating that he/she has read the requirements for fences located in easements and that he/she agrees to comply with them, and that he/she does for himself/herself, heirs, successors and assigns indemnify and hold harmless the City from any liability asserted by others in connection with the placement of the fence and that he/she permits the removal of any fence or any other structure or form of landscaping within the utility easement area by the City if the fence or landscaping obstructs the City utility or access thereto. The affidavit shall be recorded at the property owner’s expense by the City in the Office of the County Recorder of Deeds.
      Ord. 2004-Z-27 § 1; Ord. 2002-Z-9 § 1.)
  2. Mechanical Equipment See Section 17.26.120 for screening requirements applicable to exterior HVAC units, compressors, pumps, and similar mechanical equipment. Roof-mounted equipment shall be located at least six (6) feet from any supporting wall of the building, so as to permit safe access to the roof by the Fire Department.
  3. Communication Antennas
    1. General Requirements:
      1. Communication Antennas shall conform to the applicable yard and setback requirements of the zoning district except as modified by Table 17.22-3
      2. Communication Antennas shall be concealed through location on a roof or site so as to limit their visibility from public streets and adjoining property, to the extent possible without impairing the antenna’s ability to receive a signal.
      3. Communication Antennas shall be permanently installed on a building, in the ground or on a foundation, not on a portable or movable structure.
      4. Communication Antennas, except for non-commercial wireless antennas (amateur radio), shall not extend more than twenty (20) feet above the height of the principal building on the lot.
      5. Cables and lines serving ground-mounted Communication Antennas shall be located underground.
      6. All exposed surfaces and supports of Communication Antennas shall be kept clean and painted. The Building Commissioner may require repair or removal of antennas that are damaged, deteriorated or no longer in use.
      7. No additional signs or advertising are allowed on Communication Antennas except for logos affixed by service providers or antenna manufacturers.
    2. Small Satellite Dish Antennas
      Small Satellite Dish Antennas as defined in this Title shall comply with the General Requirements for Communication Antennas.
    3. Large Satellite Dish Antennas
      Large Satellite Dish Antennas as defined in this Title shall comply with the General Requirements for Communication Antennas, in addition to the following:
      1. Large Satellite Dish Antennas shall be screened in accordance with Section 17.26.120, Screening of Large Satellite Dish Antennas.
      2. There shall be not more than one (1) Large Satellite Dish Antenna per single-family, two-family, or townhouse dwelling unit. For all other uses, there shall not be more than one (1) Large Satellite Dish Antenna per building on a lot.
      3. Large Satellite Dish Antennas shall not be mounted on a building containing singlefamily, two-family, or townhouse dwelling units.
      4. Large Satellite Dish Antennas shall not exceed a dish diameter of twelve (12) feet or an overall height of twelve (12) feet.
        (Ord. 2008-Z-20 § 2.)
    4. Small Wireless Facilities
      Communication Antennas that are Small Wireless Facilities, as defined in Chapter 13. 24 Small Cell Wireless Facilities" shall, in addition, comply with the regulations set forth in Chapter 13. 24.
  4. Communication Towers
    1. All setbacks shall be measured from the base of the tower to the property line or street right-ofway. If a tower is to be placed on a leased portion of a larger lot owned by someone other than the tower owner, setbacks shall be measured from the boundaries of such larger lot.
      1. In residential districts, Communication Towers shall be set back from all property lines by a minimum distance of one hundred percent (100%) of the height of the tower, plus ten (10) feet.
      2. In non-residential districts, Communications Towers must meet the setback requirements for the underlying zoning district, and shall be set back from any residential district a minimum distance of five hundred (500) feet.
      3. Communications Towers that are Wireless Support Structures supporting Small Wireless Facilities, as defined in Chapter 13. 24 " Small Cell Wireless Facilities", are
        permitted in any Right-of-Way in conformance with the requirements of Chapter 13. 24, without regard to setbacks from private property lines.
    2. Height shall be measured from grade level at the tower base to the highest point on the tower.
      1. In residential districts, the maximum height shall be one hundred (100) feet.
      2. In non-residential districts, the maximum height shall be one hundred fifty (150) feet.
      3. The height of Communication Towers that are Wireless Support Structures on which Small Wireless Facilities are collocated is limited by Chapter 13. 24 " Small Cell Wireless Facilities", Section 13. 24. 008 " Height Limitations.
        (Ord. 2008-Z-20 § 2.)
  5. Wind Energy Turbine, Structure Mounted (WET-SM)
    1. WET-SMs shall only be permitted as accessory to an existing principal building or use.
    2. WET-SMs shall be mounted onto existing principal or accessory structures.
    3. Any sound generated by the WET-SM shall not be audible at the property line.
    4. WET-SMs shall not exceed a height of fifteen (15) feet above the highest point of the structure it is mounted upon.
      (Ord. 2011-Z-11 § 4.)
  6. Wind Energy Turbine, Tower Mounted (WET-TM)
    1. WET-TMs shall only be located on lots that are one (1) acre in area or greater.
    2. There shall be no more than three (3) WET-TMs per lot.
    3. Only free-standing monopole towers without guy wires shall be permitted.
    4. Towers shall be set back from all property lines by a minimum distance of one hundred percent (100%) of the height of the tower, plus ten (10) feet, and shall be set back from any residential district a minimum distance of five hundred (500) feet. All setbacks shall be measured from the base of the tower to the property line or street right-of-way.
    5. The total height of the WET-TM shall not exceed 120 feet. Tower height shall be measured as the vertical distance from the ground level of the base of a WET-TM to the uppermost vertical extension of a rotor blade, or the maximum height reached by any part of a WET-TM.
    6. WET-TMs shall not be artificially illuminated unless required by the FAA.
    7. All exposed surfaces and supports of the WET-TM shall be kept clean and painted. The Building Commissioner may require repair or removal of towers that are damaged, deteriorated or no longer in use.
    8. Sound generated by the WET-TM shall not be audible at the property line.
      (Ord. 2011-Z-11 § 4.)
  7. Donation Boxes
    Donation Boxes shall be permitted in the BC and BR Zoning Districts in accordance with the following:
    1. Boxes shall only be permitted on properties defined as Shopping Centers in Section 17.30.0302.
    2. Boxes shall not be permitted on properties in which the Shopping Center buildings are 100% vacant.
    3. Written permission of the property owner must be obtained before placing the box on any property.
    4. There shall be no more than three (3) boxes located in a Shopping Center.
    5. Boxes shall not be located in the front or exterior side yard parking or building setback.
    6. Boxes shall not be located within the required Sight Triangle in accordance with Section 17.22.010.F.
    7. Boxes shall not be located within any off-street parking space.
    8. Boxes shall not be placed as to obstruct pedestrian or vehicular traffic.
    9. Boxes shall be located on a hard permanent surface.
    10. Boxes shall be located so that they are inconspicuous from the public right-of-way, as determined by the Director of Community Development.
    11. Boxes shall be limited to a maximum height of 7 feet.
    12. Individual boxes shall be limited to a maximum foot print area of 25 square feet.
    13. Signage lettering on the box cannot exceed 5 inches in height.
    14. The name, address, email, and phone number of the box operator shall be posted on the box.
    15. Pick up times for removal of the donated contents shall be posted and be visible on the front of the box.
(2018-Z-22: § 4, 5, 6; 2012-Z-7: § 2; 2016-Z-11: § 5)

17.22.030 – Permitted encroachments

Encroachments into required yards shall be permitted as provided in Table 17.22-3 (Permitted Encroachments), subject to the specific limitations applicable to the particular encroachment described.

TABLE 17.22-3

PERMITTED ENCROACHMENTS

P= Permitted NP= Not permitted;
Where a dimension is given, it indicates the maximum projection into the required yard unless otherwise specified
No permitted encroachments are allowed in the sight triangle as described in Section 17.22.010 E

Type of Structure or Use Encroachment

Required Yards

Front Yards, 

Exterior Side Yards

And Rear Yards of Through Lots

Interior Side Yards

Rear Yards

Landscape Buffer Yards

Accessibility Ramps

P

P

P

P

Air Conditioner Window Units

P, 18 inches

P, 18 inches

P, 18 inches

P, 18 inches

Arbors and Trellises

P

NP

P

P

Balconies

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

Basketball standards and backboards

P

P

P

NP

Bay Windows no more than 1 story in height and occupying no more than 33% of the exterior length of the wall

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

Canopies accessory to gas stations, drive-through restaurants, drive-through banks, etc.

P but must comply with yard requirements for parking facilities

P but must comply with yard requirements for parking facilities

P but must comply with yard requirements for parking facilities

NP

Cantilever NP NP NP NP

Chimneys

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

Compost Piles, Firewood Storage, Refuse and Recycling Receptacles (except when temporarily placed near the street for collection)

NP

NP

P

NP

Decks/Raised Patios

NP

P, min. 3 ft. from lot line

 

P, min. 3 ft. from lot lines

 

NP

Dog houses and dog runs

NP

NP

P

NP

Eaves, including gutters

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

P, 30 inches

Fences

P, except per 17.22.

P

P

P

Fire Escapes (Open)

NP

P

P

P

Flag Poles

P

P

P

P

Garages, Detached

(RT Districts)

P in exterior side yard in RT-2, RT-3, & RT-4, but shall be min. 15 ft. from right of way

P, min. 3 ft. from lot line

P, min. 5 ft. from rear lot line w/o alley,

min. 3 ft. from side lot line and from alley

NP

 

Garages, Detached

(other than RT Districts)

 

NP

P, min. 3 ft from lot line

P, min. 5 ft from rear lot line w/o alley,

min. 3 ft from side lot line and from alley

NP

Gazebos

NP

NP

P, min. 3 ft. from lot lines

P

Hot Tubs

NP

P, min. 3 ft. from lot line

P, min. 3 ft. from lot lines

NP

 

Landscape plantings, ornamental lighting, and benches, statues, bird baths, sculptures, and similar decorative fixtures

 

P

P

P

P

Laundry Drying Equipment (clotheslines and poles)

NP

P

P

NP

 

Marquees, Awnings and Canopies

 

P, maximum 30 inches

P, maximum 30 inches

P, maximum 30 inches

NP

 

Ground mounted mechanical equipment units, including central air conditioning, heating, ventilating, compressors, pool and filtering equipment

 

NP/P1

P, min.5 ft. from lot line

P, min. 5 ft. from lot lines

NP

Non-commercial wireless antennas (amateur radio)

NP

NP

P, min. 3 ft. from lot lines

NP

Outdoor Fireplaces

NP

NP

P, min. 3 ft. from lot lines

NP

Parking lots,surface, drive-thru lanes, and access aisles

See Chapter 17.24, Off-Street Parking, Loading and Access

See Chapter 17.24, Off-Street Parking, Loading and Access

See Chapter 17.24, Off-Street Parking, Loading and Access

NP

Patio, at Grade P, maximum 8 ft. encroachment; P in RT districts P, 3 ft. from lot line; P in RT districts P, 3 ft. from lot line; P in RT districts NP
Pergola P, maximum 8 ft. encroachment in the RT and CBD-2 districts, if directly adjacent to principal structure; NP in other districts P, 3 ft. from lot line in RT and CBD-2 districts; NP in other districts P, 3 ft. from lot line P

Playground and recreational equipment and play houses accessory to residential uses, except basketball standards and backboards

NP

NP

P, min. 3 ft from lot lines

NP

Porches, Enclosed (including screened-in porches)

NP

NP

NP

NP

Porches, Unenclosed

P, maximum 8 ft. encroachment

NP

P, maximum 8 ft. encroachment

NP

Refuse enclosure (subject to standards for Fences and Walls and per 17.26.120)

NP

P, 3 ft from lot lines

P 3 ft from lot lines

NP

Satellite Dish Antenna, Small

NP/P1

NP/P1

P

NP/P1

Satellite Dish Antenna, Large

NP

NP

P, 5ft from lot lines

NP

Sheds and Private Greenhouses

NP

P, min. 3 ft. from lot line

P, min. 3 ft. from lot lines

NP

Sidewalks and walkways

P

P

P

P

Signs, subject to Chapter 17.28, Signs

P

P

P

NP

Stairways and Steps, 4ft. high or less, extending not more than 30 inches into the required yard or, if there is a front porch, 30 inches from the porch

P

P

P

P

Stoop P, maximum 8 ft. encroachment; In RT Districts, maximum 4 ft. encroachemnt from a structure that has a nonconforming front yard or exterior side yard setback. P, minimum as required by building code P, 3 ft. from lot line NP

Swimming Pools, subject to Chapter 15.36, Swimming Pools, of the St. Charles Municipal Code

NP

NP

P, subject to Chapter 15.36, of the City Code, “Swimming Pools”

NP

Sports Courts, excluding those located on park/playground or school sites

NP

NP

P, min. 10 feet from lot lines

NP

Transformers, switchgear, and other utility installations

P

P

P

P

 

1 Where it is impractical to locate mechanical equipment within the interior side or rear yard of a single family or two family dwelling, the Building Commissioner may approve an alternative location in the yards indicated, provided the mechanical equipment is screened from view from adjoining property and public streets in accordance with Section 17.26.120. 
1 Where a Small Satellite Dish Antenna cannot receive a clear signal within the yard and setback requirements of the zoning district or the rear yard, the dish may be located in an alternative location in the yards indicated in compliance with Section 17.22.020 Communication Antennas.

(2017-Z-9: § 2,3,4; 2016-Z-11: § 6-11; 2008-Z-24: § 14; 2008-Z-20: § 3; 2002-Z-24: § 1; 2002-Z-14: § 1; 2002-Z-9: § 4; 1994-Z-9: § 1; 1993-Z-15: § 1 & 2; 1988-Z-21: § 1; 1983-Z-6: § 1; 1983-Z-3: § 1; 1979-Z-7: § 1; 1963-12; 1960-16: § IV (K); 1960-16: § IV(J))

17.22.040 – Site lighting

  1. Applicability
    The provisions of this Section are applicable to all exterior lighting in the City of St. Charles installed after the effective date of this Section, except for lighting installed and maintained within a public right-of-way, lighting used in conjunction with public safety operations, and hazard or warning lights required by a governmental agency. No exterior lighting shall be installed or modified so as to violate the provisions of this Section.
  2. Light Source Visibility
    1. For all property other than one and two family dwellings and townhomes, all exterior lighting shall be designed, shielded and directed so that direct light from the lamp (point light source) is not directly visible from residential properties or public rights-of-way within a distance of 500 feet or less. This can be accomplished using luminaries which a) by their design, direct the light downward; b) have opaque shielding installed that prevents direct illumination from reaching adjacent properties or public rights of way; or c) utilize a translucent material to diffuse the light. This provision shall not apply to lighting for outdoor uses of a governmental entity such as a Park District or School District, provided all other requirements of this section are met.
    2. For one and two family dwellings and townhomes, all exterior lighting sources shall be either: a) limited to 900 lumens in the case of flood or spot luminaires and 1800 lumens for all other luminaires, or b) designed, shielded and directed as required for uses other than one and two family dwellings and townhomes.
  3. Light Intensity at Property Lines
    All exterior lighting shall be designed and maintained at or below the following average footcandles, as measured horizontally at the property line, at a distance of 3.5 feet above grade:

    Location

    Light Intensity

    1. Property line abutting right-of-way:

    Horizontal foot candles:  0.5

    1. Property line abutting RE, RS, RT and RM Districts:

    Horizontal foot candles:  0.5

    1. Property line abutting all other zoning districts:

    Horizontal foot candles:  2.0

    1. Motor vehicle sales display lots only, property line abutting right-of-way:

    Horizontal foot candles: 15.0

    (Ord. 2008-Z-24 § 15.)

  4. Glare
    No exterior lighting shall be maintained on a lot so as to shine into, or upon, any other lot or any right of way with an intensity great enough to reduce a viewer’s ability to see, or to cause momentary blindness.
  5. Interference with Traffic Safety
    The following are specifically prohibited:
    1. Exterior lighting used in a manner that could interfere with the safe movement of motor vehicles on public streets and alleys.
    2. Any light that could be confused with, or construed as, a traffic control device, unless authorized by State, Federal, City or County government.
  6. Uniformity
    The uniformity ratio of exterior lighting on a lot, as defined by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), for all property other than one and two family dwellings and townhomes, shall be 4:1.
  7. Prohibited Sources
    High pressure sodium and fluorescent lamps are prohibited because their color is significantly different from the daylight spectrum.
  8. Uplighting and Architectural Lighting
    Uplighting and architectural lighting is permitted to light a building façade, walkway, driveway, landscaping, sign or primary entrance, provided that all direct illumination from uplighting shall be directed onto the building wall, walkway, driveway, landscaping, sign or entrance it is intended to illuminate, and the light intensity at the property line does not exceed the light trespass standards specified in the preceding paragraph C. Illumination to highlight architectural features may include lines of low-intensity unshielded incandescent bulbs of a single color, or neon tube type lighting, but only where such lighting is consistent with and will enhance the architectural character of the building and does not constitute part of a sign, trademark, or other advertising display.
  9. Building Mounted Luminaires
    1. Luminaires mounted on buildings that are designed to illuminate parking lots, driveways, loading areas, and similar areas and that are not encompassed within the description of “uplighting and architectural lighting” in the preceding paragraph, shall be a non-adjustable full cut-off design and shall be directed downward at an angle of no greater than 45 degrees from the vertical plane, and shall not project above the height of the building.
    2. Luminaires exceeding 2000 lumens mounted on one and two family dwellings and townhomes shall be a non-adjustable full cut-off design and shall be directed downward at an angle of no greater than 45 degrees, and shall not project above the height of the building.
  10. Canopy Lighting
    Luminaires mounted on gas station, drive-through and other outdoor canopies over vehicular use areas shall be a full cut-off design and shall be directed downward at an angle of no greater than 45 degrees from the vertical plane, or shall be completely recessed into the canopy with flat lenses, or shall be shielded by other means, to block direct view of the light sources as viewed from the property line at a height of three and one half feet (3 ½’) above grade.
  11. Light Pole Height
    The maximum height of light poles, as measured from finished grade at the base to the bottom of the luminaire, shall not exceed the maximum building height in the zoning district in which they are located. Lighting for an Outdoor Recreation use owned and operated by a governmental entity such as a Park District or School District shall be exempt from this height limitation, provided all other requirements of this section are met.
  12. Signs
    Sign illumination is governed by Chapter 17.28 (Signs).
  13. Blinking Lights
    Blinking, flashing, moving, revolving, flickering, changing intensity and changing color lights shall be prohibited, except for temporary holiday displays, lighting for public safety or traffic control, or lighting required by the FAA or other governmental agency for air traffic control and warning purposes.
  14. Exemptions for Historic Lighting Fixtures
    Nonconforming historic lighting fixtures which are consistent with the character of a historic structure located within a Historic District or on a designated Landmark may be exempted from the regulations of this Section 17.22.040, provided that the Historic Preservation Commission has made a finding that the fixtures are an important architectural or historic element, the removal of which would be detrimental to the historic or architectural character of the building or site.
  15. Exemptions for Private Street Lighting Lighting for private streets that is reviewed and approved as part of a Subdivision or PUD plan shall be exempt from the requirements of this Section.
(2006-Z-12: § 1)

17.22.050 – Environmental performance standards

All uses shall comply with the performance standards established in this Section unless any Federal, State, County or local law, ordinance or regulation establishes a more restrictive standard, in which case, the more restrictive standard shall apply.
(Ord. 1960-16 § IX (A) (5) (part).)

  1. Noise
    No activity or use shall be conducted in a manner that generates a level of sound as measured on another lot greater than that allowed by Noise Regulations of the State Pollution Control Board, as amended from time to time. The limits shall not apply to construction noises, noises emanating from safety signals or warning devices, noises not directly under the control of the owner or occupant of the property, and transient noises from moving sources, such as motor vehicles, railroads and aircraft.
    (Ord. 1960-16 § IX (A) (5) (a).)
  2. Glare and Heat
    Any activity or operation of any use producing glare or heat shall be conducted so that no glare or heat from the activity or operation shall be detectable at any point off the lot on which the use is located. Flickering or intense sources of light shall be controlled or shielded so as not to cause a nuisance across lot lines.
    (Ord. 1960-16 § IX (A) (5) (g).)
  3. Vibration
    No earthborne vibration from the operation of any use shall be detectable at any point off the lot on which the use is located.
    (Ord. 1960-16 § IX (A) (5) (b).)
  4. Dust and Air Pollution
    Dust and other types of air pollution, borne by the wind from sources, such as storage areas, yards, roads, conveying equipment and the like, within lot boundaries, shall be kept to a minimum by appropriate landscaping, screening, sheltering, paving, fencing, wetting, collecting or other acceptable means. No persons shall cause, or allow, the emission of fugitive particulate matter across lot lines visible to an observer looking generally toward the zenith, beyond the property line. This requirement shall not apply when the wind speed is greater than twenty-five (25) miles per hour. Determination of wind speed for the purposes of this rule shall be by a one (1) hour average or hourly-recorded value at the nearest official station of the U.S. Weather Bureau or by wind speed instruments operated on the site.
(1960-16: § IX (A) (5) (c))