10.04 – General Provisions

10.04.010 – Definitions

The provisions of 625 ILCS 5/1, as amended, be and are hereby incorporated by reference.

(1996-M-53 : § 21; 1987-M-74: § 2)

10.04.015 – Authority of the Chief of Police

The Chief of Police by and with approval of the Director of Public Works is hereby empowered to make regulations necessary to make effective the provisions of this Title and to make and enforce temporary or experimental regulations to cover emergencies or special conditions.  No such temporary or experimental regulation shall remain in effect for more than ninety (90) days, unless such special conditions remain.

(2012-M-6: § 1)

10.04.020 – Rules of the Road

The following provisions of 625 ILCS 5/11, as amended, be and are hereby adopted by reference:
 

Article

Description Paragraph
Article 1 Special Definitions  
Article 2 Obedience to and Effect of Traffic Laws

11-201 thru 11-203
as amended

Article 3 Traffic Signs, Signals and Markings

11-302 thru 11-313

Article 4 Accidents 11-415
Article 5 Driving While Intoxicated, Transporting Alcoholic Liquor and Reckless Driving 11-500 et eq.
Article 6 Speed Restrictions 11-601 thru 1-611
Article 7 Driving on Right Side of Roadway - Overtaking and Passing, etc.

11-701 thru 11-711

Article 8 Turning and Starting and Signals on Stopping and Turning 11-801 thru 11-806
Article 9 Right-of-Way 11-901 thru 11-908
Article 10 Pedestrians' Rights and Duties 11-1001 thru 11-1011
Article 11 Street Cars and Safety Zones 11-1101 thru 11-1104
Article 12 Special Stops Required 11-1201 thru 11-1205
Article 14 Miscellaneous Laws 11-1401 thru 11-1425
Article 15 Bicycles 11-1501 thru 11-1514
(2007-M-99: § 1; 2005-M-63: § 2; 1996-M-53 : § 22; 1987-M-74: § 2)

10.04.021 – Driving while driver’s license, permit or privilege to operate a motor vehicle is suspended or revoked.

The following provisions of 625 ILCS 5/6, as amended, be and are hereby adopted by reference:

Article III “Violation of License Provisions,” Paragraph 6-303.

(2005-M-63: § 3)

10.04.022 – Seizure and impoundment of motor vehicles – Use in connection with illegal activity

  1. Violations Authorizing Seizure
    A motor vehicle, operated by or with the permission, express or implied, of the owner of record or the agents of that owner (collectively “Owner”), which is used in connection with the following violations, may be subject to seizure and impoundment by the City if the violation prevents the driver from lawfully operating the vehicle, or if a police officer determines that seizure and impoundment of the vehicle is reasonably necessary as a community caretaking function so that the vehicle does not jeopardize public safety and the efficient movement of vehicular traffic.  The Owner shall be liable to the City for an administrative fee in the amount of five hundred dollars ($500.00), in addition to all towing, impoundment and storage fees, as hereinafter provided, with respect to the following violations:
    1. Driving under the influence of alcohol, another drug or drugs, an intoxicating compound or compounds, or any combination thereof, in violation of Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
    2. Operation or use of a motor vehicle in the commission of, or in the attempt to commit, a felony or in violation of the Cannabis Control Act; or
    3. Operation or use of a motor vehicle in the commission of, or in the attempt to commit, an offense in violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act; or
    4. Operation or use of motor vehicle in the commission of, or in the attempt to commit, an offense in violation of Section 24-1, 24-1.1, 24-1.2, 24-1.2-5, 24-1.5, 24-1.6 or 24-3.1 of the Criminal Code of 1961; or
    5. Driving while a driver’s license, permit, or privilege to operate a motor vehicle is suspended or revoked pursuant to Section 6-303 of the Illinois Vehicle Code; except that vehicles shall not be subjected to seizure or impoundment if the suspension if for an unpaid citation (parking or moving) or due to failure to comply with emission testing; or
    6. Operation or use of a motor vehicle while soliciting, possessing, or attempting to solicit or possess cannabis or a controlled substance, as defined by the Cannabis Control Act or the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, except the vehicle shall not be subject to seizure or impoundment if the violation for possession of cannabis is not more than 10 grams ; or
    7. Operation or use of a motor vehicle with an expired driver’s license, in violation of Section 6-101 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, if the period of expiration is greater than one year; or
    8. Operation or use of a motor vehicle without ever having been issued a driver’s license or permit, in violation of Section 6-101 of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or operating a motor vehicle without ever having been issued a driver’s license or permit due to a person’s age; or
    9. Operation or use of a motor vehicle by a person against whom a warrant has been issued by a circuit clerk in Illinois for failing to answer charges that the driver violated Section 6-101, 6-303, or 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code; or
    10. Operation or use of a motor vehicle in the commission of, or in the attempt to commit, an offense in violation of Article 16 or 16A of the Criminal Code of 1961.
  2. General Regulations
    1. This Section shall not replace or otherwise abrogate any existing state or federal laws or City ordinances pertaining to vehicle seizure and impoundment.
    2. All fees contained in this Section shall be in addition to any penalties assessed by a court for criminal charges.
    3. This Section shall not apply if the vehicle was reported stolen to the appropriate police authorities within twenty-four (24) hours of discovery of such theft.  In addition the administrative fee shall be waived by the City upon verifiable proof that the vehicle was stolen at the time the vehicle was impounded.
    4. The amount of fees imposed for towing and storage of a vehicle impounded under this Section shall be subject to the approval of the chief of police.
    5. Prior to vehicle seizure, if in the judgment of the police officer then present, if a person authorized by the Owner or operator of the vehicle is present and able to provide for the lawful immediate removal of the vehicle, the vehicle shall be released to that person and prompt removal of the vehicle effected, and no administrative fee shall be imposed.
    6. All administrative fees and towing and storage charges shall be imposed on the registered Owner of the motor vehicle or the agents of that Owner.
    7. The fees shall be collected by and paid to the City.
    8. The towing or storage fees, or both, shall be collected by and paid to the person, firm or entity that tows and stores the impounded vehicle.
  3. Towing – Notice
    1. Whenever a police officer has cause to believe that a vehicle is subject to impoundment, the officer shall provide for the towing of the vehicle to a facility authorized by the City.
    2. At the time the vehicle is towed, the City shall notify or make a reasonable attempt to notify the Owner, lessee, any lienholder or person identifying himself or herself as the Owner, any lienholder, or lessee of the vehicle, or any person who is found to be in control of the vehicle at the time of the alleged offense, or the fact of the seizure, and of the vehicle Owner’s, lienholders or lessee’s right to an administrative preliminary hearing.
    3. The City shall also provide notice that the motor vehicle will remain impounded pending the completion of administrative hearings, unless the Owner or lessee of the vehicle or a lienholder posts with the City a bond equal to the administrative fee as herein provided and pays for all towing and storage charges.
  4. Preliminary Hearing
    If the Owner, any lienholder or lessee of a vehicle seized pursuant to this Section desires to appeal the seizure, said Owner, any lienholder or lessee must make a request for a preliminary hearing within twenty-four (24) hours of the seizure.  All requests shall be in writing and filed with the chief of police, or his designee, who shall conduct such preliminary hearing within twenty-four (24) hours after receipt of the request, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, or City holidays.  All interested persons shall be given a reasonable opportunity to be heard.  The formal rules of evidence shall not apply at the preliminary hearing and hearsay evidence shall be admissible only if it is the type commonly relied upon by reasonably prudent persons in the conduct of their affairs.  If after the preliminary hearing, the chief of police or his designee determines there is probable cause to believe that the vehicle is subject to seizure and impoundment pursuant to this Section, he shall order the continued impoundment of the vehicle, as provided in this Section, unless the Owner, any lienholder or lessee posts with the City a cash bond in the amount of five hundred dollars ($500.00) and pays all towing, impoundment and storage charges.  If the chief of police or his designee determines that there is no such probable cause, the vehicle shall be returned without penalty or additional fees.
  5. Administrative Hearing
    Within ten (10) days after a vehicle is impounded by the City, the City shall serve a notice of hearing upon the Owner, lessee and any lienholder of record.  Said notice shall be served by personal service or first class mail (all as are shown in Secretary of State’s records).  Said notice shall contain the date, time and location of the administrative hearing.  The hearing shall commence no later than 45 days after the date of the personal service or mailing of the notice of hearing.  All interested persons shall be given the opportunity to be heard.  At any time prior to the hearing, the hearing officer may, at the request of either party, direct witnesses to appear to give testimony at the hearing.  The formal rules of evidence shall not apply and hearsay evidence shall be admissible if it is a type commonly relied upon by reasonably prudent persons in the conduct of their affairs.  If, after the hearing the hearing officer determines by a preponderance of the evidence that the vehicle was used in connection with a violation set forth in this Section, the hearing officer shall enter a written order finding the Owner civilly liable to the City for an administrative fee in the amount of five hundred dollars ($500.00) and requiring the vehicle’s continued impoundment until the Owner, lessee or any lienholder pays the administrative fee to the City plus towing, impoundment and storage charges, all as applicable.  The Owner shall further be responsible for reasonable hearing costs as assessed by the hearing officer.  If the Owner fails to appear at the hearing, the hearing officer shall enter a written default order in favor of the City.  If the hearing officer finds no such violation occurred, the hearing officer shall order in writing the immediate return of the Owner’s vehicle or cash bond without any additional fees.
  6. Hearing Officer – Decision – Enforcement – Appeal
    1. Administrative hearings shall be conducted by a hearing officer who is an attorney licensed to practice law in this State for a minimum of 3 years.
    2. At the conclusion of the administrative hearing, the hearing officer shall issue a written decision either sustaining or overruling the vehicle impoundment.
    3. If the basis for the vehicle impoundment is sustained by the administrative hearing officer, any administrative fee posted to secure the release of the vehicle shall be forfeited to the City.
    4. All final decisions of the administrative hearing officer shall be subject to review under the provisions of the Administrative Review Law.
    5. Unless the administrative hearing officer overturns the basis for the vehicle impoundment, no vehicle shall be released to the Owner, lessee, or lienholder of record until all administrative fees and towing and storage charges are paid.
    6. Vehicles not retrieved from the towing facility or storage facility within 35 days after the administrative hearing officer issues a written decision shall be deemed abandoned and disposed of in accordance with the provisions of Article II of Chapter 4 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.
    7. Unless stayed by a court of competent jurisdiction, any fine, penalty, or administrative fee imposed under this Section which remains unpaid in whole or in part after the expiration of the deadline for seeking judicial review under the Administrative Review Law may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment entered by a court of competent jurisdiction.
(2016-M-58: § 1; 2012-M-21: § 1; 2009-M-42: § 1; 2008-M-69: § 1; 2005-M-63: § 4)

10.04.025 – Inattentive driving

No person while driving a motor vehicle shall be so engaged or occupied as to interfere with the safe driving of such vehicle.

(2003-M-90: § 2)

10.04.030 – Equipment of vehicles

The following provisions of 625 ILCS 5/12, as amended, be and are hereby adopted by reference:

Article  1       "General Provisions," Paragraphs 12-100 and 12-101.
Article  2       "Lights and Lamps," Paragraphs 12-201 through 12-216.
Article  3       "Brakes," Paragraphs 12-301 through 12-302.
Article  4       "Tires," Paragraphs 12-401 through 12-407.
Article  5       "Glass, Windshields and Mirrors," Paragraphs 12-500 through 12-503.
Article  6       "Miscellaneous Requirements," Paragraphs 12-601 through 12-613.
Article  7       "Special Requirements for Vehicles of the Second Division," Paragraphs 12-701
                       through 12-711.
Article  8       "Special Requirements for School Buses," Paragraphs 12-800 through 12-820.
Article  9       "Special Requirements for Religious Organization Buses," Paragraphs 12-900
                       through 12-902.

(2011-M-52: § 1; 1996-M-53 : § 23; 1987-M-74: § 2)

10.04.035 – Submission to safety test - Certificate of safety

The following provision of 625 ILCS 5/13, as amended, be and is hereby adopted by reference:

Chapter 13, Paragraph 13-111.

(2005-M-63: § 10)

10.04.040 – Size, weight, load and permits

The following provisions of 625 ILCS 5/15, as amended, be and hereby adopted by reference:

Article  1       "Size, Weight and Load," Paragraphs 15-100 through 15-112 and Paragraph 15-114.
Article  3       "Permits," Paragraphs 15-316 through 15-318.

(1996-M-53 : § 24; 1987-M-74: § 2)

10.04.050 – Placement of signs

The city engineer shall cause signs to be erected and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this title.

(1987-M-74: § 2)

10.04.060 – Numbering system

When referring to provisions of the Illinois Vehicle Code hereinbefore adopted by reference in this chapter as provisions of the St. Charles Municipal Code, the paragraph numbering as used in the Illinois Vehicle Code shall be prefixed by the chapter heading, namely "Chapter 10.04", so that, for example, when referring to the ordinance provision for paragraph "12-500" of the Illinois Vehicle Code, that appropriate provision of the St. Charles Municipal Code would be "10.04.12-500."

The burden of proof for any offense classified as a “petty” offense or “business” offense in the provisions of the Illinois Vehicle Code adopted in this chapter shall be by a preponderance of the evidence.  Offenses classified therein as “misdemeanor” offenses shall be proven beyond a reasonable doubt.

(2010-M-15: § 1; 1987-M-74: § 2)